INFANT AND CHILD BASIC LIFE SUPPORT

  • Infant = age 0-1yr
  • Child = 1- To onset of puberty
  • Adult = Post puberty

Basic Life Support (BLS) Sequence

  • S – safety
  • S – stimulate
  • S – shout for assistance
  • C – circulation
  • A – airway
  • B – breathing
  • D – defibrillation

SAFETY

  • Ensure the location is safe before starting CPR.
  • In trauma, don’t move the child if possible.
  • Treat all bodily fluids as infected.
  • Before touching the child, look for clues as to what may have caused the emergency.

STIMULATE

  • Establish responsiveness by calling and patting (stimulation).
  • If there is a response, no need for further intervention
  • If NO response, proceed to BLS

CIRCULATION

  • For a child, check pulse by assessing the carotid artery (side of neck) and signs of life.
  • External chest compressions cause blood to flow to the vital organs.
  • Compress the chest 1/3 or 1½” or 4cm of the depth at the rate of 100/min at the ratio of 30-2.

AIRWAY

  • In an unconscious child/infant, the tongue partially blocks the airway.
  • Open airway by head tilt/chin lift maneuvers. Extend the neck to a sniffing position.

            – Neutral position for infants.

  • Jaw thrust used when Neck (spine) injury is suspected.
  • Look in the mouth for any evident foreign body.

BREATHING

  • If not breathing, give two effective rescue breaths.

WHEN TO STOP

  • If the child/infant shows signs of spontaneous breathing and circulation.
  • Advanced/medical team arrives
  • Child start to move or crying.

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