INFANT AND CHILD BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
- Infant = age 0-1yr
- Child = 1- To onset of puberty
- Adult = Post puberty
Basic Life Support (BLS) Sequence
- S – safety
- S – stimulate
- S – shout for assistance
- C – circulation
- A – airway
- B – breathing
- D – defibrillation
- Ensure the location is safe before starting CPR.
- In trauma, don’t move the child if possible.
- Treat all bodily fluids as infected.
- Before touching the child, look for clues as to what may have caused the emergency.
- Establish responsiveness by calling and patting (stimulation).
- If there is a response, no need for further intervention
- If NO response, proceed to BLS
- For a child, check pulse by assessing the carotid artery (side of neck) and signs of life.
- External chest compressions cause blood to flow to the vital organs.
- Compress the chest 1/3 or 1½” or 4cm of the depth at the rate of 100/min at the ratio of 30-2.
- In an unconscious child/infant, the tongue partially blocks the airway.
- Open airway by head tilt/chin lift maneuvers. Extend the neck to a sniffing position.
– Neutral position for infants.
- Jaw thrust used when Neck (spine) injury is suspected.
- Look in the mouth for any evident foreign body.
- If not breathing, give two effective rescue breaths.
WHEN TO STOP
- If the child/infant shows signs of spontaneous breathing and circulation.
- Advanced/medical team arrives
- Child start to move or crying.