Course Content
1. Understanding Breast Cancer
o What is breast cancer? o Types and stages of breast cancer o Risk factors and prevention strategies
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2. Early Detection and Diagnosis
o Breast self-examination (BSE) o Mammography and other screening methods o Biopsy and pathology tests
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3. Treatment Modalities
o Surgery options: lumpectomy, mastectomy, reconstructive surgery o Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy o Integrative approaches and complementary therapies
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4. Coping and Support
o Psychological impact of breast cancer o Lifestyle changes and self-care strategies o Support networks and resources for patients and caregivers
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Breast Cancer: Best Way to Beat Breast Cancer
About Lesson

Introduction:

  • Breast cancer is a complex disease characterized by the abnormal growth of cells in the breast tissue.
  • It is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide but can also affect men.

Key Points:

  1. Types of Breast Cancer:

    • Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): Cancer cells form in the milk ducts but haven’t spread beyond.
    • Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): Cancer cells invade surrounding breast tissue.
    • Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): Cancer starts in the milk-producing glands (lobules) and spreads to nearby tissue.
    • Other Types: Less common types include inflammatory breast cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, and hormone receptor-positive breast cancer.
  2. Risk Factors:

    • Gender: Breast cancer is much more common in women than in men.
    • Age: Risk increases with age, with most cases occurring in women over 50.
    • Family History: Having close relatives with breast cancer increases your risk.
    • Genetics: Inherited mutations in genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2 increase susceptibility.
    • Hormonal Factors: Early menstruation, late menopause, hormone replacement therapy, and oral contraceptive use can influence risk.
    • Lifestyle Factors: Obesity, lack of physical activity, alcohol consumption, and smoking can also contribute.
  3. Symptoms and Signs:

    • Lump or Mass: Most common symptom, often painless but can be tender.
    • Changes in Breast Appearance: Dimpling, puckering, or redness of the skin.
    • Changes in Nipple: Inversion, discharge, or scaling.
    • Swelling or Thickening: In any part of the breast.
    • Breast Pain: Uncommon as a symptom of breast cancer.
  4. Diagnosis:

    • Physical Examination: Including breast exam and lymph node check.
    • Imaging Tests: Mammography, ultrasound, MRI.
    • Biopsy: Removing a sample of breast tissue for examination under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present.

Online Resources for Further Learning:

  • Online Workbook PDFs Links:

  • Interactive Quizzes and Assessments:

    • Breast Cancer Quiz: Test your knowledge on breast cancer with interactive quizzes covering various aspects of the disease.
  • Video Lectures:

  • Printable Charts:

  • List of Recommended Apps and Digital Tools:

    • Breast Health Tracker App: Helps users monitor breast health, including self-examinations, mammogram reminders, and symptom tracking.
  • Supplementary Reading Materials and Resources:

    • Breast Cancer Resource Library: Access a curated collection of articles, research papers, and patient stories to deepen your understanding of breast cancer.

End of Topic Quiz:

  1. What are the three main types of breast cancer?
    • a) IDC, ILC, DCIS
    • b) ABC, XYZ, PQR
    • c) Flu, Cold, Allergy
    • d) None of the above

Answer: a) IDC, ILC, DCIS

Takeaway Assignment: Research and write a short essay on the role of genetic factors in the development of breast cancer, discussing the significance of genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2.

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