ADULT BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
- Preliminary Steps: 3S
- Institute BLS sequence
- Stimulate by asking, Are you OK?
If yes, assess for necessary medical attention, get help, then RETURN to the patient.
- Shout for Help
- Determine pulselessness
- Large artery
- Not more than five to10 secs
- Carotid: side of the neck
- Push hard, push fast
- Ratio 30:2
- Reassess after five cycles or 2 min
- Look for signs of life
- Position victim to assess airway
- Open airway
- Head-tilt- chin lift
- Jaw thrust
- Assess for breathing for about 10 sec
- Look, listen and feel
- If yes: recovery position
PROVIDING RESCUE BREATHS
- If not breathing: two effective rescue breaths
- Not more than 2 secs each
If possible, use barrier devices. Other Ways You Can Offer Rescue Breaths Include;
- Mouth to mouth,
- Mouth to stoma
- Mouth to nose
If rescue breaths prove to be ineffective, reposition the head and try again. Attempts should not more than five times. Consider the possibility of choking.
- Done using the external automated defibrillation
- Electrode pads are attached to the victim’s chest
- A single shock is delivered, followed by CPR
- Alternate with the CPR where the shock has not resulted in a change of rhythm.