ADULT BASIC LIFE SUPPORT

SEQUENCE

  • Preliminary Steps: 3S
  • Institute BLS sequence
  • C-Circulation
  • A-Airway
  • B-Breathing
  • D-Defibrillation

PRELIMINARY STEPS

  • Safety
  • Stimulate by asking, Are you OK?

If yes, assess for necessary medical attention, get help, then RETURN to the patient.

  • Shout for Help

CIRCULATION

  • Determine pulselessness
  • Large artery
  • Not more than five to10 secs
  • Carotid: side of the neck

CHEST COMPRESSIONS

  • Push hard, push fast
  • Ratio 30:2
  • Reassess after five cycles or 2 min
  • Look for signs of life

UNRESPONSIVE VICTIM

  • Position victim to assess airway
  • Open airway
  • Head-tilt- chin lift
  • Jaw thrust

BREATHING

  • Assess for breathing for about 10 sec
  • Look, listen and feel
  • If yes: recovery position

PROVIDING RESCUE BREATHS

  • If not breathing: two effective rescue breaths
  • Not more than 2 secs each

If possible, use barrier devices. Other Ways You Can Offer Rescue Breaths Include;

  • Mouth to mouth,
  • Mouth to stoma
  • Mouth to nose

If rescue breaths prove to be ineffective, reposition the head and try again. Attempts should not more than five times.  Consider the possibility of choking.

DEFIBRILLATION

  • Done using the external automated defibrillation
  • Electrode pads are attached to the victim’s chest
  • A single shock is delivered, followed by CPR
  • Alternate with the CPR where the shock has not resulted in a change of rhythm.

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