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Blood Cancers: Commonly Asked Questions With Answers

Blood Cancers: Commonly Asked Questions With Answers

  • April 10, 2023

Blood cancers, or hematologic malignancies, are a group of cancers that affect the cells and tissues responsible for producing blood. These cancers can have a significant impact on a person’s health, but advancements in treatment and therapy options have improved survival rates in recent years. In this article, we will address commonly asked questions about blood cancers, including the types of blood cancer, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment options, and survivor rates.

Types of Blood Cancer

There are three main types of blood cancer:

Leukemia: This type of blood cancer affects the white blood cells, which are responsible for fighting infection. Leukemia causes an overproduction of abnormal white blood cells, which can crowd out healthy cells and make it difficult for the body to fight off infections.

Lymphoma: Lymphoma is a blood cancer that affects the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. It involves the overproduction of abnormal lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Myeloma: Myeloma is a blood cancer that affects plasma cells, which are responsible for producing antibodies. This cancer can lead to weakened immunity and increased susceptibility to infections.

Blood Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of blood cancer can vary depending on the type of cancer and the stage of the disease. Some common symptoms include:

– Fatigue

– Weakness

– Shortness of breath

– Bruising or bleeding easily

– Frequent infections

– Fever or night sweats

– Swollen lymph nodes

– Unintended weight loss

– Bone or joint pain

Causes of Blood Cancer

The exact cause of blood cancer is not fully understood. However, researchers believe that several factors can increase the risk of developing blood cancer, such as:

– Age: Blood cancers are more common in older individuals.

– Family history: Having a close relative with blood cancer may increase your risk.

– Exposure to certain chemicals: Exposure to chemicals like benzene, which is found in gasoline, can increase the risk of blood cancer.

– Radiation exposure: Exposure to high levels of radiation is a known risk factor for blood cancers.

– Previous cancer treatments: Certain cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can increase the risk of developing blood cancer.

How is Blood Cancer Diagnosed?

Blood cancer is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examinations, blood tests, imaging studies, and biopsies. The doctor may perform a bone marrow biopsy to collect a sample of the patient’s bone marrow, which can then be examined under a microscope to identify any abnormalities.

Blood Cancer Treatment and Therapy Options

Treatment options for blood cancer depend on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. Some common treatment options include:

– Chemotherapy: This involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing.

– Radiation therapy: High-energy radiation is used to target and destroy cancer cells.

– Stem cell transplantation: This involves the replacement of damaged bone marrow with healthy stem cells from a donor.

– Targeted therapy: These drugs specifically target the cancer cells and can be less harmful to healthy cells.

– Immunotherapy: This treatment involves using the patient’s immune system to help fight cancer.

Blood Cancer Survivor Rates

Survivor rates for blood cancer have improved significantly in recent years due to advancements in treatment options. The survival rate depends on the type of blood cancer, the stage of the disease, and the patient’s overall health. For example, the five-year survival rate for patients with Hodgkin’s lymphoma is around 87%, while the rate for patients with acute myeloid leukemia is around 28%.


Blood cancers are a diverse group of malignancies that can affect the blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system. While the causes of blood cancer are not fully understood, certain risk factors have been identified. Advances in diagnosis and treatment options have led to improved survival rates for many types of blood cancer. If you suspect that you or a loved one may have symptoms of blood cancer, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

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